Power and Control
Battering is one form of domestic or intimate partner violence.
It is characterised by the pattern of actions that an individual uses to intentionally control or dominate his intimate partner. That is why the words "power and control" are in the centre of the wheel.
A batterer systematically uses threats, intimidation, and coercion to instil fear in his partner.
These behaviours are the spokes of the wheel. Physical, sexual and other violence hold it all together - this violence is the rim of the wheel.